Military camp protection

For several years, German soldiers have been increasingly deployed on peace missions in various countries. The military camps in some countries are exposed to a growing threat. As the past has shown, attack with rockets, artillery and mortars must be anticipated. Protection against such RAM threats and defence against them is therefore of interest.

Task

The purpose of studies carried out in 2005 was to first examine the potential risk of RAM threats and the protective potential of active defence measures. Then, in further studies, the requirements of defence systems were identified and the practicability of a specific defence system for the protection of military camps against RAM threats was assessed.

Simulation model

A scenario consisting of a military camp and its elements or the surrounding buildings, at least one threat and in most cases a protection system consisting of control centre modules, sensors and effectors is entered for a simulation. The sequence of a threat scenario is simulated, event-driven, by the software. Important sections are the approach by the threat, detection of the threat by the sensors, decisions to defend against the threat by a control centre and implementation of the defence by an effector. Events occurring during this time which can cause damage, such as detonation of an explosive charge or the impact of fragments, are included in the damage calculation for the affected buildings. This enables specific situations to be assessed. Automated parameter variations and Monte Carlo simulations can be used to perform further analyses.